Israel Middle East Agreement

The contract was signed on September 15, 2020. The treaty recognizes the sovereignty of each state, obliges the two states to exchange ambassadors and conclude bilateral agreements on various subjects, including visa agreements, and will enter into force as soon as ratification. [32] The agreement was ratified by the Israeli government on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October. In the region, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan and Oman have publicly welcomed the Abraham Agreement. Saudi Arabia has said nothing, although analysts strongly speculate that this non-reaction is a sign that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman supports the deal, but that it is limited because his father, the king, opposes normalization with Israel. Iran, Qatar and Turkey have criticized the deal, with the latter threatening to withdraw their ambassador from Abu Dhabi. Civil society organizations across the region remain strongly opposed to normalizing relations with Israel. These include Gulf groups that have been particularly opposed to the Israeli-Emirati agreement. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has warned the United Arab Emirates that it will have dangerous consequences for the agreement. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called the agreement a “huge mistake” and warned the United Arab Emirates that Israel was not safe in the Gulf. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif spoke of a betrayal of Arab and non-Arab countries in the Middle East. A group of protesters with less than 100 residents gathered in front of the VaE Embassy in Tehran on 15 August, chanting “Death to America” and “Death to Israel”.

Protesters also burned Israel`s flag. [72] The conservative newspaper Kayhan, whose editor-in-chief is appointed by Iran`s Supreme Leader, warned that the agreement had made the United Arab Emirates a “legitimate and simple objective.” [73] The decision of the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to normalize relations with Israel was made with the knowledge and approval of Saudi Arabia. Riyadh may act differently, but it clearly agrees with this new direction for the Middle East. The recent agreements with Israel are therefore only the tip of the iceberg in terms of changes in the region`s strategies and we must wait to see what the long-term prospects of these agreements really are. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson hailed the agreement as a path to peace in the Middle East and also welcomed the suspension of the annexation of territories in the West Bank. British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab and French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian expressed similar sentiments, with the former adding that it was time for direct dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians, while the latter said it created an opportunity to resume talks. [106] France and Germany saw the agreement as the hope of a two-state solution. [34] German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas called Israeli Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi to congratulate him.

[107] The Turkish Foreign Ministry condemned the agreement and said that the history and people of the Middle East would not forgive and would not forget what the United Arab Emirates did and that it was a violation of the 2002 Arab peace initiative.